Spectrum Software
Industrial Strength Simulation




Spectrum Software has released Micro-Cap 11, the eleventh generation of our SPICE circuit simulator.

For users of previous Micro-Cap versions, check out the new features available in the latest version. For those of you who are new to Micro-Cap, take our features tour to see what Micro-Cap has to offer.




Questions and Answers - Summer 2007


Question: I am plotting the voltage expression V(Q2_EMITTER) in my simulation but it does not produce the emitter voltage for the Q2 transistor that I expect. When I plot the voltage using the node number at the emitter, the waveform looks correct. Why aren't these two expressions matching?

Answer: There are three voltage expressions that may be available for any BJT transistor in order to plot the internal collector, emitter, and base nodes of the device. The expressions take the form of:


where Part is the PART attribute name of the transistor. For example, if the PART attribute of the transistor has been defined as Q3, then the expressions would be:


These expressions appear when you right click in the Y Expression field to invoke the Variables list. They are available within the Variables / Node Voltage section.

Note that the key point to these expressions is that they plot the internal nodes of the transistor. These expressions are only available if the corresponding lead resistance (RB, RC, or RE) has been defined in the BJT model statement. In your case, the V(Q2_EMITTER) would produce a value equivalent to the voltage at the emitter node in the schematic minus the voltage drop across the RE resistor for the Q2 transistor.

Return to the main Newsletter page